GUIDELINES: CONDUCTING A FORENSIC AUDIT

TO: FH
FROM: Dr John Vong

I know that you are anxious for some notes on this subject. Parts of the write-up were obtained from a technical paper published in Sept 2008 by ACCA UK, a very established accounting body.

The process of conducting a forensic audit is, in many ways, similar to the process of conducting a normal financial audit, but with some additional considerations. The main stages are described in brief below.

Accepting the audit

A forensic accountant must initially consider whether his/her firm has the necessary skills and experience to accept the work. Forensic audits are highly specialized, and the work requires detailed knowledge of fraud investigation techniques and the legal framework. Investigators must also have received training in interview and interrogation techniques, and in how to maintain the safe custody of evidence gathered.

Additional considerations include whether or not the investigation is being requested by an audit client. If it is, there is a possible conflict of interest and pose a risk to achieve objectivity.

A high fee level should be negotiated to compensate for the specialist nature of the work, and the likely involvement of senior and experienced members of the firm in the investigation.

Planning the audit

The forensic audit team must carefully consider what they have been asked to achieve and plan their work accordingly. The objectives of the investigation will include:
 identifying the type of fraud that has been operating,
 how long it has been operating for,
 how the fraud was concealed for the duration
 identifying the fraudster(s) involved
 quantifying the financial loss suffered
 gathering evidence to be used in court proceedings
 providing advice to prevent the re-occurrence of the fraud.

The investigators should also consider the best way to gather evidence, through data-mining, checking the transaction log systems, SWIFT for financial transaction,

Gathering evidence

In order to gather detailed evidence, the investigator must understand the specific type of fraud that has been carried out, and how the fraud has been committed. The evidence should be sufficient to ultimately prove the identity of the fraudster(s), the mechanics of the fraud scheme.

SAMPLE TABLE OF CONTENTS (FORENSIC AUDIT REPORT)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.0 BACKGROUND
1.1 Origin of the Audit
1.2 Audit Objective
1.3 Proposed Audit Outputs
1.4 Audit Implementation Approach

2.0 RISK ANALYSIS
2.1 Internal Environment Risk
2.1.1 Financial Management
2.1.2 Customers, Products and Competitors
2.1.3 Information technology
2.1.4 Business Process
2.1.5 Human Resource Management
2.2 External Environment Forces
2.2.1 Influence of Economics and Loans Market
2.2.2 Political and Legal Scenario
2.2.3 Technology in Banking

3.0 EVIDENCE OF RISK EVENTS
3.1 Conflicts of interest
3.2 Bribery
3.3 Extortion
3.4 Cash theft
3.5 Fraudulent disbursements
3.6 Inventory frauds
3.7 Misuse of assets
3.8 Financial Statement fraud

4.0 AUDIT RECOMMENDATIONS
4.1 Logical Framework Approach
4.2 Preconditions and Risks

5.0 GOVERNANCE ON RECOMMENDATION IMPLEMENTATION
5.1 Stakeholders
5.2 Budget Considerations

List of Annexes
Annex 1: Members of the Interviews
Annex 2: Organization Chart of Bank
Annex 3: Financial Performance (YYYY to YYYY)
Annex 4: Audit Recommendation Logical Framework
Annex 5: Analysis of Key Risk Events
Many Others:

(Source of information: ACCA, UK Technical Paper, pg 58, September 2009)

Comments

Hello, I enjoy reading all of your article post.
I wanted to write a little comment to support you.

First off I would like to say excellent blog!
I had a quick question in which I'd like to ask if you do
not mind. I was curious to know how you center yourself and
clear your head before writing. I've had a difficult time clearing my mind in getting my thoughts out there.
I truly do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10
to 15 minutes are usually wasted simply just trying to figure out how to begin.
Any ideas or tips? Kudos!

What's up to every one, the contents present at this web site
are truly awesome for people experience, well, keep up the nice work fellows.

First off I would like to say excellent blog!
I had a quick question in which I'd like to ask if you do
not mind. I was curious to know how you center yourself and
clear your head before writing. I've had a difficult time clearing my mind in getting my thoughts out there.
I truly do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10
to 15 minutes are usually wasted simply just trying to figure out how to begin.
Any ideas or tips? Kudos!

Howdy very cool site!! Guy .. Excellent .. Wonderful ..
I'll bookmark your blog and take the feeds also? I am glad
to seek out numerous useful info right here in the publish, we'd like work out
more strategies on this regard, thank you for sharing. . .
. . .

Truly no matter if someone doesn't understand after that its up to other viewers
that they will assist, so here it occurs.

It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be
happy. I've read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few
interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you can write next articles
referring to this article. I wish to read more things about it!

Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I'm impressed!
Extremely helpful info specially the last part :) I
care for such info much. I was looking for this certain information for a very long time.
Thank you and good luck.

I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem.
You are wonderful! Thanks!

I blog quite often and I really appreciate your information. Your article
has really peaked my interest. I am going to book mark your
website and keep checking for new details about once per week.
I opted in for your Feed too.

My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of
the costs. But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using WordPress on several websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform.
I have heard very good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?

Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!

I'd like to find out more? I'd care to find out some additional
information.